but the manner in which society deals with children who commit these acts must be tempered. Cite This Essay To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: All Answers ltd, 'The age of criminal responsibility' (t, October 2018) p?vref1 accessed Reference Copied to Clipboard. 9 (1996) AC 1 10 House of Commons Library, The age of criminal responsibility in England and Wales' Standard Note: SN/HA/3001, 2009. Section 4 of the Act provides for setting up of a Juvenile Justice Board, consisting of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Judicial Magistrate of First Class, and 2 social workers one of whom is a woman. However, the age of criminal responsibility being appallingly low does not allow this.
We also note, as did the UN Committee, that the Government has abolished the common law principle of doli incapax (the rebuttable presumption that children aged 10-13 years are incapable of criminal intent). According to another article in The Economist, California is the state with most problems.
Relaince ON international jurisprudence, the first national legislation on Juvenile Justice was adopted by the Parliament in 1986 in the form of the Juvenile Justice Act, 1986. We are not persuaded by the argument that criminalising children is the best route to rehabilitation. Many further argue that following on the footsteps of US and UK may not work for India as the crime reality and trends varies considerably from that in India. As society became more sophisticated, education was required, and with that came enforced dependency, and so there was an enlightenment period where childhood innocence was seen as a weakness that needed to be addressed, not Original Sin. There is no such parallel in criminal law, which begs the question of why two systems running side by side are contradictory.
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